How to make THC oil that will work in an E-cigarette

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You see e-cigarettes everywhere you go these days. And if you live in a green state, you also see cartridges pre-filled with THC, which are more and more popular due to their discretion and convenience.

But what if you don’t live in a state with legal marijuana? And what if you do live in a legal state, but don’t want to pay premium prices for your THC cartridges?

Here’s the good news: You can do it yourself, and you won’t go broke doing it. While homemade THC oil might not quite measure up to the premium cartridges available in dispensaries, it can still get the job done.

Here’s what you’ll need to make your own THC e-juice

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Photo by Eckig Click

If possible, use cannabis concentrates to make THC oil for your cartridges. (It saves a step.) If you don’t have access to concentrates, you can use flower and trim.

  • 7 grams or more of flower (more if lower grade) or 1 gram of high-grade cannabis concentrate
  • 2 glass jars (Mason jars are ideal); freeze for 2 hours before the process begins
  • Cheesecloth or coffee filters for straining
  • Baking sheet or Pyrex bowl
  • Freezer
  • Oven
  • Stovetop
  • Pot for boiling
  • Precise thermometer
  • Aluminum foil
  • Baking sheet
  • Dropper bottles (5 ml is a good size; those cobalt-blue ones work well)
  • PEG400 or a mix of polyethylene glycol (PEG), propylene glycol (PG) and vegetable glycerin (VG)
  • Everclear (the booze, not the band), or another high-proof alcohol. (Avoid using rubbing alcohol.)

Decarb your weed

Decarbing takes place when you smoke marijuana. But vaporization doesn’t always get hot enough to do the trick, so this step is important to make sure the THC is activated.

The decarboxylation process won’t be necessary if you’re using concentrates to make your e-juice, so that can save you a little time. With flower and trim, you want to decry so that any THC acid (THCA) is converted into psychoactive THC. THCA has health benefits but won’t get you high.

  1. Grind your marijuana finely into a baking sheet covered with aluminum foil.
  2. Heat the ground-up cannabis in the oven at 225 to 240 degrees Fahrenheit for 15 to 30 minutes.

Extract the THC with alcohol

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(Photo By Joe Amon/The Denver Post via Getty Images)
  1. Remove one of the glass jars from the freezer
  2. Take the decarboxylated marijuana and put it into the jar
  3. Pour in enough Everclear or other high-proof alcohol so that the cannabis is completely submerged. Gently swish the mixture back and forth, not up and down
  4. Return the jar to the freezer for a minute
  5. Get the second jar. Put the cheesecloth at the top and pour the mixture through. Squeeze every drop out of the cheesecloth into the jar

Evaporate any remaining alcohol

A water bath is the final step before the e-juice mix is introduced. A water bath is used to keep any flames separated from the flammable alcohol.

  1. Fill the pot with about 4 inches of water. Place the mason jar filled with infused alcohol in the water for about an hour. A water temperature of 160 degrees Fahrenheit is ideal if you have a thermometer handy
  2. When there’s no alcohol left, add your PEG, food-grade vegetable glycerin, or propylene glycol. You can experiment with the amount to suit your preferences. More cutting agent will result in bigger clouds when you vape. But remember, that means less THC per puff. If your main objective is getting high, not blowing clouds, use just enough cutting agent to loosen the consistency to fill cartridges.

If you simply don’t want to heat your marijuana-infused alcohol, an alternative method is to let the alcohol evaporate naturally. The downside of this process is that it takes 10-14 days.

About one milliliter of glycol is normally enough to make a gram of concentrate into a liquid suitable for cartridges or tanks for e-cig vaping. To avoid spillage, use a syringe to transfer the e-juice to cartridges or tanks.

Remember, one way you can usually get away with getting high in public is vaping from a box mod typically used with nicotine e-juice. Some stealth smokers even add flavoring to help mask the marijuana smell.

The e-juice you make has a shelf life of a least six months to a year in the dark at room temperature.

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Indiana NORML seeks to combat the state’s opioid crisis with commonsense cannabis billboards

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When Attorney General Jeff Sessions stood in front of reporters last week to announce the opening of a new DEA field office to combat the opioid crisis, it was clear that not much had changed in the federal government’s approach to drug abuse. As politicians and narcotics agents continue to recycle brute-force methods of beating the drugs out of America, a more civilized answer is crying out to them from the side of a highway in Indiana.

Alongside the I-70 eastbound toward Indianapolis, there’s now a billboard which reads: “States with Medical Cannabis have 25 percent fewer opioid overdose deaths.” The group responsible for this public service announcement is the Indiana branch of the marijuana advocacy group NORML. The billboard references a 2014 study from the Journal of the American Medical Association.

“Clearly, [medical marijuana as a treatment for opioid addiction] should be part of our national dialogue,” NORML’s Political Director Justin Strekal told HERB, citing a study from Bastyr University Research Institute which found that nearly 36 percent of participants eliminated their dependence on opioids with the use of cannabis.

Indiana is in dire need of some healthcare alternatives. The state’s small towns have been overrun with opioids in recent years. The I-70 cuts right through the town of Terre Haute, one of the 15 cities in America most heavily impacted by the opioid crisis, according to a countrywide analysis by health research firm Castlight. Further North, a hospital in the town of Marion, received 832,310 pills of hydrocodone, a highly addictive semi-synthetic opioid, just for the year of 2014. A year later, the VA hospital in Fort Wayne received nearly a million pills, according to local reports. All the while, a safer alternative was within reach.

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BOSTON, MA – JULY 11: A ClearChannel billboard that reads “States that legalized marijuana had 25% fewer opioid-related deaths” is pictured on Meridian Street near the Chelsea Drawbridge in East Boston on Jul. 11, 2017. (Photo by Jim Davis/The Boston Globe via Getty Images)

Most recently a study from the University of Mississippi found that CBD, a compound which can be isolated from cannabis, blocks the chemical reaction in the brain that is responsible for causing opiate addiction. As if to spite the researchers, the Governor of Indiana, Eric Holcomb, recently ordered state police to continue a crackdown on CBD oil products, giving retailers two months to pull them from their shelves.

“[T]he Excise Police will use the next 60 days to educate, inform and issue warnings to retailers,” Holcomb said in a statement.

The crackdown is targeting CBD products that might contain THC, the component of cannabis that makes consumers feel high. According to Indiana’s medical marijuana regulations, CBD oil can only be used by patients who are registered with the state’s Health Department.

In a November interview with a local news station the state’s Attorney General, Curtis Hill, gave his opinion on marijuana saying that he didn’t see much of a difference between the plant’s distinct chemicals.

“CBD is a derivative of the marijuana plant,” Hill said, “and by definition is still marijuana, and by definition is still a Schedule I drug which is still unlawful under the current state of the law.”

Hill has rarely shied away from making his opinion on marijuana known. In an op-ed for the IndyStar, he wrote: “These [marijuana legalization] activists want you to believe their end goal is inevitable…The only question in their minds is how long they must wait for the rest of us backward Hoosiers (as they see us) to embrace their agenda.”

To his credit, Hill rightly points out that cannabis could be detrimental to those who start to smoke at a very young age— several studies have explored this. But the real question that’s likely on the minds of activists is why “backward” politicians are cherry-picking their facts in the face of a national crisis…especially when the answer they’re looking for is towering over the interstate.

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Source: Herb.Co

Legal weed is coming to Canada in 2018. Here’s what your province will look like.

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In July of 2018, Canada is set to become the second country on earth—after Uruguay—with legal recreational marijuana.

A big difference between provinces will be whether cannabis is sold alongside alcohol or at standalone shops, like a dispensary. There are also differences in regards to legal age for consumption; where people will be allowed to smoke (in homes or public spaces); how accessible cannabis will be; and how much it will cost. Some provinces like Saskatchewan have barely anything figured out. British Columbia just released some details about its long-awaited plan on December 5. Here’s what we know so far, province by province.

Alberta

The government of Alberta is currently reviewing legislation that, if it passes, would lay out a clear regulatory framework for cannabis in the province. It states:

  • The minimum age for purchasing marijuana is 18
  • Wholesale purchase from licensed growers and distributors will be managed by the province
  • Marijuana will be sold in private brick-and-mortar dispensaries and on government-run websites
  • Smoking will be permitted in some spaces where tobacco can be smoked. The government can also set up cannabis cafes and lounges, but there are no plans for this yet. 

Interestingly, Alberta officials don’t think the legal cannabis market will be a large source of revenue because it will have to compete with black market prices.

British Columbia

British Columbia has always been a haven for pot smokers, but the province has been criticized for how slowly its enacted recreational cannabis regulation. On December 5, it finally unveiled a few details about its plan.

  • The minimum age to possess, purchase and consume marijuana will be 19
  • The province will have a mix of private and public-run storefronts
  • The plan has yet to tell us who will supply the market

Manitoba

  • Like BC, Manitoba has decided to make the legal age for consuming marijuana 19
  • One of the most surprising decisions by the province is that they will not permit anyone to grow marijuana at home unless they have a medical license
  • The Manitoba Liquor and Lotteries corporation will be dealing with buying and distributing marijuana
  • Licensed retailers will be permitted to sell in brick-and-mortars and online
  • It’s unclear how many stores there will be, but Manitoba Premier Brian Pallister formerly said that there should be cannabis available for purchase within a 30-minute drive of where 90 percent of people in the province live
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A woman smokes marijuana on Parliament Hill on 4/20 in Ottawa, Ontario, April 20, 2017.
Polling released Thursday showed strong support in Canada for a government drive to legalize recreational use of marijuana, but many would like the proposed minimum age for consumption to be raised. Sixty-three percent of respondents told the Angus Reid Institute they support legalization. / AFP PHOTO / Lars Hagberg (Photo credit should read LARS HAGBERG/AFP/Getty Images)

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia, which got its first licensed producer in November of 2017, is ready to launch a legal market in 2018. Here’s what we know about their plan:

  • The age for possession (up to 30 grams) is 19
  • So too is the age for growing, which is set at up to four plants per household
  • Distribution and sale will be run by the province. Consumers will be able to purchase cannabis in-stores alongside alcohol and online

New Brunswick

Last month, New Brunswick announced that they became the first province to fully secure enough marijuana to supply all its potential consumers. The province signed an agreement with cannabis producer Zenabis, the third major supplier set to stock News Brunswick in July. Still, there’s a lot of details to be worked out.

  • New Brunswick formed an unnamed Crown Corporation (a public enterprise that operates in a relatively private manner) in September 2017 to manage marijuana sales
  • There’s yet to be a legal age set for consumption
  • The government will sell pot in 20 approved standalone dispensaries

Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador just recently released its recreational pot plans.

  • The legal age for consumption will be 19
  • Marijuana will be sold in private stores that are licensed by the government. In cases where there’s a shortage of supply, the government will sell cannabis and there will be an option to purchase cannabis online
  • Consumption will be restricted to homes
  • The government will set prices for marijuana

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Ontario

  • Ontario will open 150 government-run shops by 2020, similar to the way that alcohol is sold in the province
  • The minimum age for purchase will be 19
  • All marijuana will be grown by “producers licensed by Health Canada, [a] federal government ministry.”
  • At least 80 of the dispensaries will be open by July 1, 2019. It “will be sold following the same behind-the-counter approach used with cigarettes,” reports The Telegraph.

Prince Edward Island

  • The legal age for consumption will be 19
  • The PEI Liquor Control Board will be the retail distributor for cannabis products
  • The government will sell marijuana at standalone shops. It will also be available in online stores.
  • Pot use will be restricted to private residences
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OTTAWA, ON – JUNE 5: Jason Derikozis of Ottawa, Ontario smokes a giant joint during a rally in support of legalizing marijuana on June 5, 2004 on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Canada. The Supreme Court of Canada recently upheld a decision to keep marijuana as a banned substance. (Photo by Donald Weber/Getty Images)

Québec

  • The legal age to consume marijuana will be 18
  • No one will be allowed to grow cannabis for personal use
  • Only the government will be allowed to purchase cannabis from producers and sell it, with a few exceptions
  • The government will have 15 physical stores by July 1, and up to 150 within two years. They’ll also offer online sales
  • The price has not been set yet, but according to CBC news, the government has consulted with experts who recommended $7 to $10 per gram to combat the black market
  • The law will restrict marijuana consumption to places where cigarette smoking is allowed, mainly private residences and designated outdoor areas

Saskatchewan

This province briefly had its own cannabis-devoted political party, the Saskatchewan Marijuana Party. Even though the activist group disbanded in 2010, Saskatchewan remains serious about meeting the deadline for marijuana legalization. Justice Minister Don Morgan told CBC News that the province has “a very aggressive timetable” in place.

Still, nothing definitive has been decided yet. Legislators are currently looking into survey results, set to be released by the end of this year, which they say will inform their choices. A group of public policy experts from the University of Regina also recently published a report with recommended cannabis regulations for the province. They said the legal age for consumption should be 19, and that cannabis should be sold by a limited number of private retailers licensed and regulated by the state. They also estimated that Saskatchewan’s retail marijuana market could be worth a whopping $250 million.

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How to get weed across the border

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There are few greater thrills than being high in a foreign location. And if you’re a marijuana enthusiast who likes to travel, you may (understandably) feel that you haven’t truly experienced a place until you’ve smoked weed there. That’s why sneaking weed across the border, although scary, can feel like a necessary risk.

While success is never guaranteed, there are precautions you can take to minimize this risk as much as possible. So without further ado, these are the three best ways to sneak weed across an international border.

Hide your weed in your body

For the excessively paranoid, this is your best bet. Even if the border patrol agent flags your car for a random search, they’re not going to make you strip naked, bend over and cough. You could go about this method in two ways, both of which first involve you putting your weed in a plastic bag and then putting that bag into a condom. We’ll get into why a condom works best in a moment.

The first method is to put your condom full of weed directly into your anus. The reason a condom works best for this method is that the outside of the condom is pre-lubricated. This will make for an easy insertion. When you get across the border safe and sound, the long, stretchy nature of the condom will make it easy to pull back out of your anus.

The second method is to swallow your condom full of weed. Research shows that it takes approximately 33 to 50 hours before something you eat can be passed out the other end, so bear this in mind. This is a fairly disgusting method, as it will require you to dig through your poop once you’ve safely crossed the border, but it’s also the most secure.

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(Photo by Robert Nickelsberg/Getty Images)

Hide your weed in a food product

This method is for the less paranoid types. It’s fairly easy to cross the border with weed this way, so long as it’s well-hidden and you’re not looking to smuggle a significant amount. Your first step is to put your marijuana in a smell-proof bag—preferably one that’s thick. Double, triple or even quadruple bag your marijuana just to be safe. Then, take this bag and bury it deep inside of an opened container of peanut butter until the bag is well hidden and not visible. Peanut butter works great because not only does it throw off any potential K-9 units, but it’s an extremely common food that isn’t restricted by border patrol. Once you’ve safely crossed the border, simply dig your weed bag out of the peanut butter jar.

Hide your weed in a vehicle

This method is for travelers who are crossing the border in a bus. Your first step is to hide your weed in a discrete container, such as the peanut-butter jar mentioned in the last paragraph. The smaller the container, the better. It’s also good to choose a container that isn’t related to you or anything else you have on you. For example, don’t conceal it in a peanut butter jar if you also have a loaf of bread in your bag. If you’re a non-tobacco smoker, you could try wrapping your weed in smell-proof bags and putting it in a junky-looking cigarette package.

Then, when the bus prepares to cross the border and everybody is exiting the bus, discretely drop your container somewhere inside the bus. The point of this is so that, even if the weed is found, the police won’t be able to trace it back to you. Like everyone else on the bus, when asked, you’ll simply play dumb. The worst case scenario here is that the police confiscate your weed. If the container of weed isn’t found, however, you’ll simply pick it back up once you’ve safely crossed the border.

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Source: Herb.Co

Jeff Sessions’ interns lined up to ask him why he hates marijuana

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There are few men—and even fewer Keebler Elves—who can cherry-pick facts in the delicate way that Attorney General Jeff Sessions does when he talks about marijuana. Over the course of his career, Sessions has raged against cannabis in a way that aggressively ignores both fact and public opinion.

On the other side of the aisle, there appears to be no shortage of people who are willing to call the country’s top law enforcement official out on his ill-informed policies. Among them are his own interns. Enough interns, in fact, to have formed a line. As seen in a video from ABC News, the students ask Sessions to defend his opinions on everything from transgender bathrooms to cannabis.

“You support pretty harsh policies for marijuana and pretty lax gun-control laws,” one of the interns starts, “So I’d like to know, since guns kill more people than marijuana, why the lax laws on one and harsh laws on the other?”

An excellent question, which Sessions begins to answer by laughing at the comparison.

“Well that’s an apples and oranges question,” the AG says, “But the Second Amendment—You’re aware of that?—guarantees the right to the American people to keep and bear arms.”

“Look, there’s this view that marijuana is harmless and it does no damage,” Sessions continued, “I believe last year was the first year that automobile accidents that occurred were found to have been caused more by drugs than by alcohol.”

Hold up, is that right? That sounded like a fact and he said it in such a sure tone.

Sessions seems to have been referring to a report published by the Governors Highway Safety Association in April of 2017, which did find that for the first time drugged-driving surpassed drunk driving. That same report, however, also rated marijuana as having the least level of risk compared to other substances while alcohol ranked at the top.

So what else was Sessions absolutely sure of? Let’s go back to the video.

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UNITED STATES – NOVEMBER 28: Adam Eidinger and a few other members of the Washington, DC marijuana rights group DCMJ enter the Capitol Hill office of Sen. Jeff Sessions, R-Ala., on Monday, Nov. 28, 2016. The group met with with Sen. Sessions’s staff to discuss the Senator’s statements on marijuana use. (Photo By Bill Clark/CQ Roll Call)

“Marijuana is not a healthy substance in my opinion, the American Medical Association is crystal-clear on that. Do you believe that?”

“I don’t,” the student replies.

“Okay,” Sessions says, getting visibly irritated, “so Doctor ‘whatever-your-name-is’, you can write the AMA and see why they think otherwise.”

As it turns out, the intern was right to be skeptical. The AMA’s most recent policy encourages more cannabis research. It’s true, they have said, that cannabis can be harmful, but their most recent policy also acknowledges its medicinal qualities.

“[P]otential positive outcomes include reduction in pain sensation, antispasticity, increased appetite, and antiemesis…” the policy says, “The US Food and Drug Administration has approved dronabinol and nabilone [synthetic cannabis] for chemotherapeutic-induced nausea and vomiting and cancer or HIV-induced anorexia.”

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Photo by Gage SKidmore

Finally, Sessions capped off the debate with his own two-cents about ‘what happened’ in Colorado, where recreational marijuana became legal in 2014.

“I don’t think America’s going to be a better place if marijuana is sold in every corner or grocery store,” he says, “As what happened in Colorado, the use [among] young people went up dramatically.”

Of course, you get the idea by now. In Colorado, the Department of Public Health and Environment found cannabis consumption among youth actually declined after legalization. According to their survey of high school students, the rate of use fell from 22 to 21.2 percent, not the dramatic increase the AG suggested. While one study published in February of 2017 showed that children in grade school have self-reported an increase in their marijuana use, that same study admits that its number might be off.

But let’s give the Attorney General some credit, there was one thing he was absolutely right about: “We need to have a little education program here…”

The post Jeff Sessions’ interns lined up to ask him why he hates marijuana appeared first on HERB.

Source: Herb.Co

The 7 Weirdest Ways To Get High

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Thanks to inventive entrepreneurs, long gone are the days of skunky pot brownies and backwoods that fall apart in your hands. While the growing cannabis market has introduced us to some tasty medicated desserts, the selection isn’t all dark chocolate and sour gummies. I’ve recently tried some bizarre products that have made me wonder: just why?

Here’s our list of the most unconventional cannabis products, from effective to gimmicky. 

Lubricant

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Photo by Foria

I would be remiss to make a list of odd cannabis products without talking about weed lube. Infused lubricant is not a new phenomenon—sites from VICE to GQ have covered it simply because it’s taboo. The consensus on weed lube, unfortunately, has been that while it’s a fun novelty product, it doesn’t accomplish much beyond a tingle. If you own weed lube and are disappointed with the results, I can attest to the potency of using the product as a tincture. It is safe for consumption although I feel compelled to warn you that it did take away my ability to read for a couple hours.

Infused water

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Pearl(2)O is now available in Washington state. Change the way you consume cannabis with Pearl(2)O today. (PRNewsfoto/Tarukino)

If you’re willing to spend $12.00 on a nasty flavored water that tastes somewhat like a bottle of vitamin water that’s been left uncapped for a day, then infused water is the product for you. I personally have never enjoyed cannabis beverages as their insanely high potency only allows for two to three sips. A couple small sips to get you high might be nice in terms of efficiency, but it defeats the purpose of a drinkable product as it does nothing to quench your thirst and practically begs you to take a higher dosage than is responsible. Some wellness brands like Puration offer CBD-only products meant to relax your body and relieve pain while you exercise. These products might work, but in my experience, you’re better off with a CBD lotion.

Soup Mix

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Photo by Robert Judge

When I first thought of this article, the only thing on my mind was American Baked Co’s Tomato-Basil Soup Mix. The 10 milligram THC packets seemed like the perfect way to medicate on camping trips, cold winter nights and lazy Sundays. Unfortunately, the reality of the product is a far cry from what is advertised as a “mind blazingly good” soup. The goopy inedible mess is just not a successful execution of a promising concept.

Sub-Lingual Strip

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Photo by Nathan Cooke

Remember Listerine strips? Venture Capitalists sure do, and they’ve brought us the same technology but medicated. The “cannastrips” are translucent strips that quickly dissolve under the tongue and absorb cannabinoids into the system in five to fifteen minutes. They’re marketed as a non-smoking alternative to cannabis for pain patients, but I see them as everything bad about tinctures (the lingering unpleasant taste, holding oil in your mouth) with the added benefit of feeling the strip dissolve into a slimy mucus that you swallow.

Transdermal patches

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Photo Via Getty Images

As more research into cannabis revealed its potential for pain management, it was only a matter of time before someone began selling transdermal patches. The patches, which are sold for recreational purposes in some states too, offer a very different sort of high than smoking or edibles. They’re “time-release,” which means that they consistently release THC into your bloodstream through your skin over time. They can last up to eight hours and users often report not feeling overly high at any point.

Suppositories

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Photo by Takahiro Yamagiwa

Suppositories are particularly good for patients who need effective and immediate relief. They take about 10 to 15 minutes to kick in, and the body absorbs about eighty percent of the cannabis, compared to fifteen percent when smoked. Foria also offers a vaginal suppository (aptly named the “weed tampon”) for severe menstrual cramps. That being said, I’m not sure why my budtender actively advertises them to me on a weekly basis. I’m not going to kink-shame you, but, if you don’t need to, there are a lot of other ways to get high than sticking a pill up your butt. 

Toothpaste

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Photo by Arek OlekPhoto by Arek Olek

Call me crazy but I think this is a great idea. The anti-inflammatory properties of cannabis make this a potentially exciting new product for millions of Americans who suffer from gum disease. Of course, this is no substitute for annual cleanings, but this product exemplifies the many ways in which cannabis might improve our everyday lives.

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Source: Herb.Co

Judge forces fentanyl dealer to pay for teenage victim’s funeral

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There’s nothing wrong with taking pride in your work. But when the work you do is fueling one of the deadliest crises in the country, it’s best not to smile for the camera the way this Cincinnati opioid dealer did.

In a video obtained by the Cincinnati Inquirer, Ohio resident Michael Chandler is seen driving up to the windows of five vehicles in a row in broad daylight to deliver the goods. “This shit’s like McDonald’s,” he is heard saying in the video shot on his own phone.

Business seemed to be booming for Chandler until his product caused the overdose of a teenage customer. That’s when U.S. District Judge Michael R. Barrett dealt a healthy dose of justice to this proud dealer. After pleading guilty to drug distribution, the 29-year-old was sentenced to nearly two decades in prison and ordered to pay $9,000 to the family of the teenager to cover the funeral costs.

According to a report from the National Center for Health Statistics, as of April 2017, there were more than 65,000 overdose-related deaths across the country. Fentanyl, an opioid which is sometimes referred to as the synthetic version of heroin,  accounted for 20,100 deaths, surpassing all other opioid-related fatalities in 2015.

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WASHINGTON, DC – AUGUST 31: Terri Zaccone (2nd R) of New Port Richey, Florida, is comforted by sister Tina Rhatigan (R), as she holds a picture of her son Thomas DeVito who has passed away from accidentially carfentanil, a new form of fentanyl, overdose at the age of 29, during a candlelight vigil at the Ellipse August 31, 2017 in Washington, DC. FED UP! Coalition hosted its annual International Overdose Awareness Day event calling for an end to the nation’s opioid addiction crisis. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)

Ohio has been one of the states hardest hit by the opiod crisis. In 2016, the state reported 4,050 unintentional overdose deaths, an increase of 1,000 deaths from the previous year. Eight-six percent of these fatalities were caused by all opioids and fifty-eight percent were caused by “fentanyl and related drugs” specifically.

“It has been a rapidly evolving problem,” Cuyahoga County Medical Examiner Dr. Tom P. Gilson told HERB, “we are still very much grappling with an approximately 30 percent increase in caseloads in many areas of this agency.”

The 17-year-old victim in Chandler’s case was identified in court documents as “J.H.” from Campbell County, Kentucky. After his death in April, the Kentucky Drug Task Force identified the dealer as a man who went by the name of ‘Goldie.’ (It turns out this was Chandler’s nickname.)

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NEW YORK, NEW YORK – SEPTEMBER 23: Bags of heroin, some laced with fentanyl, are displayed before a press conference regarding a major drug bust, at the office of the New York Attorney General, September 23, 2016 in New York City. New York State Attorney General Eric Scheiderman’s office announced Friday that authorities in New York state have made a record drug bust, seizing 33 kilograms of heroin and 2 kilograms of fentanyl. According to the attorney general’s office, it is the largest seizure in the 46 year history of New York’s Organized Crime Task Force. Twenty-five peopole living in New York, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Arizona and New Jersey have been indicted in connection with the case. (Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images)

As part of their investigation, law enforcement recruited a friend of the victim, referred to as ‘C.S.I.’ in court documents, for an undercover operation. Local WCPO reported the friend then purchased drugs from ‘Goldie.’

The operation included multiple encounters between them, including one instance on May 16 when the friend entered ‘Goldie’s’ home wearing a wire and recorded conversations between the dealer and other men involved in the distribution of fentanyl.

The drug acquired by C.S.I. was handed over to the Hamilton County Coroner, who identified it as fentanyl. Police then tracked Chandler’s car across three communities where he conducted his shady business. After three days, they were granted a warrant to search Chandler’s place where they discovered cocaine, firearms and more than 600 grams of fentanyl.

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Behold, ‘Dragon Ball Z’ Dabs Made of 3000 Grams of Pure Cannabis Extract

Untitled 11 800x400 Behold, Dragon Ball Z Dabs Made of 3000 Grams of Pure Cannabis Extract

“Dragon Ball Z of dabs!” wrote the British Columbia cannabis enthusiast on Instagram. “Behold the giant terpy orb of THC!” 

Schwartz is not the first to see these big honkin’ amber orbs of THC and think of a ‘Dragon Ball.’ This is how Seattle’s X-Tracted lab refers to these balls made of 3000 grams of pure cannabis extract. They consist of a 99 percent THC concentrate known as “The Clear,” which is made using an extraction process that isolates the essential cannabis compounds, known as cannabinoids, from the rest of the plant. The product is so pure it was actually initially created as a treatment for patients with epileptic seizures. The ‘terpy’ Schwartz speaks of are terpenes, aromatic oils that can be used to control the flavor and effects of the THC and other compounds. Most extraction processes remove the terpenes, but X-Tracted uses a special technique in which they reintroduce the terpenes into the extract.

 

via GIPHY

Anyway. These big balls aren’t made as a standalone product for the public, as cool as it would be to slink them around your arms like that goth kid at summer camp with the glass juggling balls. Getting your own mitts on an orb will require some chemical know-how or a friend at the company making them.

These orbs, however, are often used to create a variety of byproducts, like oil cartridges, dabbable rosins, and even edibles. If you happen to find a prehistoric mosquito frozen in time in any of these products, perhaps refrain from using it to clone any dinosaurs for an amusement park. It has been tried before and, lordy, it just does not seem to turn out for the best.

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Women are using CBD pills to make menstrual cramps history

GettyImages 743692289 800x400 Women are using CBD pills to make menstrual cramps history

Menstrual cramps affect half the human population, yet there’s a surprising lack of products available to effectively alleviate this reoccurring pain. Women are forced to wait it out and suffer quietly. Any outward sign of irritability from this pain is apparently an eye-roll-worthy offense, received by society at large with infantilizing suggestions (mostly from men) that you’re being “over-emotional” or “just PMSing,” as if a week of constant pain and discomfort shouldn’t affect your mood.

Understandably, many women are prepared to try just about anything to achieve relief. While marijuana has long been used by women to alleviate period pain—including Queen Victoria herself—the advent of CBD-specific products has opened new doors for treating this monthly torment.

While the research is still young, many women have found CBD to alleviate, or at least take the edge off of, menstrual pain. Even Whoopi Goldberg and Maya Elisabeth are now selling medical marijuana products that are intended to achieve just this. Some women find that “THC tampons” do the trick, but there’s also another option: CBD pills.

coconutcbdextractcaps Women are using CBD pills to make menstrual cramps history
Photo courtesy of Tree Dispensary

Taking CBD pills, opposed to THC tampons, are a slightly less intimidating option for women who are looking for pain relief, but don’t normally use cannabis. Although CBD is a cannabinoid, like THC, it doesn’t have any psychoactive properties, meaning you won’t get high from taking a pure CBD pill. And if you’re new to cannabis, using it vaginally isn’t exactly a dip-your-toe-into-the-pool consumption method.

CBD pills might also be a better option for some women who have IUD’s—a popular birth control method that prevents monthly menstrual bleeding, but not the cramps and abdominal pain.

CBD pills typically contain both the cannabinoid CBD and some sort of oil that will allow your body to absorb the CBD. You simply take the CBD pill on a full stomach with water and let it do its magic.

Why CBD pills relieve menstrual pain:

A number of studies have shown cannabis to be an effective treatment for certain types of pain, even though research directly addressing cannabis’ ability to relieve menstrual pain is lacking (mostly due to federal prohibition). This is why most states with medical marijuana laws permit the use of cannabis for pain treatment. While menstrual pain isn’t mentioned specifically, there’s no reason to believe period pain would, or should, be excluded.

When you consume marijuana, the plant’s cannabinoids interact with your body’s endocannabinoid system, specifically your CB1 and CB2 receptors. Studies have shown that this interaction between the cannabinoids found in marijuana and your endocannabinoid system can help manage pain. Other studies have found that CB1 and CB2 receptors exist in cells within the uterus, which means that the pain relieving properties of cannabis should theoretically work for relieving menstrual pain.

GettyImages 627673548 Women are using CBD pills to make menstrual cramps history
Photo by Martin Dimitrov/Getty Images

Studies have also shown that anti-inflammatory drugs—research now shows that CBD is an anti-inflammatory—can relieve period pain.

For the greatest relief, many researchers believe that CBD works best in concert with THC, even if only a small amount. This is known as the entourage effect. However, it’s worth noting that not all researchers are convinced that this is true. (Like everything in the cannabis space, more research is needed.)

Are CBD pills right for you?

The beauty of CBD pills is that they’re cheap to try (you can buy a single pill at the dispensary for a few dollars), and won’t make you feel high or abnormal. The worst thing that will happen from trying CBD pills is that they won’t work for you. On the other hand, you may find—as many women report—that CBD does, in fact, relieve your menstrual pain. So go ahead—the only thing you stand to lose is pain.

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One dose of Magic Mushrooms relieves depression in the terminally ill

3431950905 98ac751ab3 o 800x400 One dose of Magic Mushrooms relieves depression in the terminally ill

Magic Mushrooms can help treat depression, and it doesn’t even take much more than a single dose according to a 2017 study published in the journal Nature, and conducted by Imperial College in the UK.

The study conducted pre and post-treatment tests monitoring 19 patients using fMRI scans to examine the real-time effects of the substance on the brain. Participants received two doses of psilocybin one week apart at 10 and 25mg, which is considered to be a less than the normal recreational dose.

After being dosed with psilocybin, 19 participants exhibited a decrease in symptoms of depression after just one week, while nearly 50 percent experienced a continuous decrease in symptoms after five weeks.

The test is thought to have proven the effects something known to psychonauts as the “after-glow” in which users report feelings of clarity and stress relief in the days following a psychedelic experience.

As with fMRI tests on LSD, they showed increased connectivity in the Default Mode Network. In essence, brain scans have shown that psychedelics like psilocybin break down the brain’s rigid default wiring allowing parts of the brain which wouldn’t normally be connected to communicate.

GettyImages 161358499 One dose of Magic Mushrooms relieves depression in the terminally ill
CD MEMORY–BOULDER, COLORADO–JULY 12, 2007 – University of Colorado doctoral candidate Brendan Depue looks over functional magnetic resonance images (FMRI) of the brain that highlight areas (in red) that control our cognitive behaviors and in his studies have been shown to actively help suppress emotional memory. The study may help clinicians develop new therapies for those unable to suppress emotionally distressing memories associated with disorders like post-traumatic stress disorder, phobias, depression, anxiety and obsessive-compulsive syndrome, he said. He studies these scans in a lab in Boulder. Depue is a neuroscience and cognitive psychology doctoral candidate at Professor Marie T. Banich’s cognitive neuroscience lab at the University of Colorado at Boulder. Photo By Glenn Asakawa/The Denver Post via Getty Images

During the after-glow, researchers discovered that after these psychedelics break down the brains barriers, the brain recovers its original wiring with a greater level of effectiveness. In other words, psychedelics offer us a ‘reset’ button for our brain.

This is only one of many studies recently conducted and currently underway which look at the effects psilocybin on mental health. In part, these results replicate work that has already been done at NYU and Johns Hopkins University.

Those trials looked at 80 cancer patients with understandable anxiety and found that about 80 percent of participants experienced an improvement in their mental health after a single dose.

One of the participants, Sherry Marcy, told  LiveScience,“Before [the treatment], I was sitting alone at home, and I couldn’t move.” And that psilocybin helped her get, “back in touch with my family and kids, and my wonder at life.”

Like Marcy, others reported being more sociable with family and friends and higher levels of energy. They then went on to show signs of improvement in their mental health for the following seven months. The dose of psilocybin administered in this case was similar to that of the Imperial College study.

Despite these encouraging results, some in the medical community aren’t as excited about the prospect of using psychedelics medicinally. Among them is Dr. William Breitbart of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, who appears to believe that medicinal use of mushrooms is part of a larger conspiracy to legalize the substance which grows naturally in the South-Western US.

“Medical marijuana got its foot in the door by making the appeal that ‘cancer patients are suffering, they’re near death, so for compassionate purposes, let’s make it available,’” Breitbart told the New York Times, adding that it was a slippery slope to recreational use.

But those who have more intimate knowledge of the research and the substances used insist that there is a major difference between tightly controlled therapeutic use and recreational trips.

GettyImages 134944430 One dose of Magic Mushrooms relieves depression in the terminally ill
Synthetic psilocybin is displayed within a restricted closet at the Bluestone Center for Clinical Research (BCCR) at the New York University (NYU) College of Dentistry in New York, U.S., on Wednesday, Nov. 30, 2011. New research in psychedelics such as psilocybin, the main ingredient in ‘magic mushrooms,’ aims for therapeutic uses, such as treatments for anxiety, headaches or quitting smoking. Photo by Paul Taggart/Bloomberg via Getty Images

To be clear, these studies refer to psilocybin administered in conjunction with psychotherapy, so researchers aren’t suggesting that a gram of shrooms and a hike in the woods could cure your depression.

In this proper therapeutic environment, a mushroom trip is not being advertised as a cure for boredom but an effective tool to treat end-of-life anxiety. That’s something cancer patients have to deal with regardless of how legal their medicine is.

“A life-threatening cancer diagnosis can be psychologically challenging, with anxiety and depression as very common symptoms,” Dr. Roland Griffiths professor of behavioral biology in the Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and of Neuroscience at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine said in a statement, “People with this kind of existential anxiety often feel hopeless and are worried about the meaning of life and what happens upon death.”

Aside from the urgent need for this sort treatment among cancer patients, perhaps the most significant takeaway from these studies is that patients only required what is considered a threshold dose (.25g) – the level at which the psychedelic effects are felt. Where critics theories fall apart – aside from their attempt to police an individual’s state of mind – is that clinical trials don’t even use a typical recreational dose. At the end of the day, it’s medicine.

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